What does modern technology portend for uneven-aged southern pine silviculture?
Recent changes in forest technology and market influences may impede the practice of uneven-aged (LEA) silviculture. For example, the use of tree-length systems with mechanized harvesters can unacceptably reduce the density of advanced regeneration, making it difficult to maintain the desired size class distribution. Changes to tree utilization standards, limited competition control options, and regulatory and insurance constraints have contributed to practices that further impact the ability to recruit submerchantable stems. We provide suggestions that should improve the application of UEA silviculture in loblolly pine-dominated stands in the Midsouth, even though some significant changes to harvest operations and the regulatory environment may need to happen first.